Posted on: February 5, 2024 by witmans

Winterizing Your Vehicle: Choosing the Right Lubricants for Cold-Weather Performance

As winter’s icy embrace settles in, the performance of your vehicle faces unique challenges. From the biting cold affecting engine efficiency to the frosty conditions impacting lubricant viscosity, preparing your vehicle for winter requires a strategic approach. In this exploration, we delve into the crucial role of choosing the right lubricants for cold-weather performance, deciphering the complexities that underlie this essential aspect of winterising your vehicle.

Understanding the Winter Challenge

Winter weather poses a distinct set of challenges for vehicles and their crucial components. The plummeting temperatures affect the viscosity of lubricants, making them thicker and potentially impeding their flow. This can lead to difficulties in starting the engine, increased wear and tear on components, and decreased fuel efficiency

  1. Engine Oil Viscosity– In colder climates, engine oil thickens, which can compromise its ability to flow smoothly. Cold-starting the engine becomes more challenging, and the oil may not circulate efficiently, leading to increased friction and wear on engine parts. Selecting the right engine oil viscosity for winter is, therefore, a critical consideration.


  1. Transmission Fluids and Gear Oils– Transmission fluids and gear oils are vital for the smooth operation of a vehicle. In cold weather, these fluids can become sluggish, impacting gear shifts and overall performance. Choosing winter-appropriate formulations ensures optimal transmission function and reduces strain on the drivetrain.


  1. Brake Fluid– Brake fluid plays a crucial role in ensuring responsive braking. In colder temperatures, standard brake fluids may thicken, affecting brake response. Specialised brake fluids designed for winter conditions maintain consistent viscosity, providing reliable braking performance.


  1. Antifreeze/Coolant– The cooling system of a vehicle faces the risk of freezing in cold weather. Antifreeze, or coolant, prevents the formation of ice in the radiator and ensures that the engine operates within the optimal temperature range. Checking the concentration and condition of the coolant is essential for winter readiness.

Choosing the Right Engine Oil for Winter

  1. Understanding Viscosity Grades- Engine oil viscosity is denoted by a numerical code, such as 5W-30. The ‘W’ stands for winter, and the number preceding it indicates the oil’s viscosity at lower temperatures. Lower viscosity oils, denoted by a lower number before the ‘W’, flow more easily in cold conditions, facilitating better cold-start performance.


  1. Multigrade Oils– Multigrade oils, such as 5W-30 or 10W-40, are designed to provide optimal viscosity across a range of temperatures. They offer the benefits of easy cold-weather starting while maintaining sufficient viscosity at operating temperatures. Choosing the right multigrade oil for your vehicle’s specifications is crucial.


  1. Synthetic vs Conventional Oils– Synthetic oils, known for their superior performance in extreme conditions, often fare better in cold weather than conventional oils. They flow more easily at low temperatures, providing enhanced protection during start-up and ensuring efficient lubrication throughout the winter.


Additional Winter Lubrication Considerations

  1. Lubricating Door Locks and Hinges– In extremely cold conditions, door locks and hinges can freeze, making it difficult to enter the vehicle. Applying a silicone-based lubricant to door locks and hinges helps prevent freezing and ensures smooth operation.


  1. Protecting Battery Terminals– Cold weather can strain the vehicle’s battery. Applying a corrosion inhibitor or petroleum jelly to battery terminals helps protect them from corrosion caused by moisture and temperature fluctuations.
  2. Choosing Winter-Grade Grease– For components such as wheel bearings and chassis parts, selecting a winter-grade grease ensures that these critical areas receive adequate lubrication even in freezing temperatures.


In the winterising journey of your vehicle, the role of choosing the right lubricants emerges as a decisive factor in ensuring reliable performance, preventing breakdowns, and extending the lifespan of critical components. From the engine to the braking system, each lubricated part plays a crucial role in the overall functionality of your vehicle during colder months.


Witmans Group stands as a pillar of expertise and innovation. With a legacy in spin finishes, textile lubricants, rubber process oils, and industrial and automotive lubricants, Witmans Group exemplifies a commitment to excellence across diverse industries. Our Witcol Racer 2 Low Smoke Motorcycle Oil is a low-ash, API TC engine oil specially designed for 2-stroke motorcycles and motor scooters. It may be used in either direct oil injection or premixed engines. The Witcol Transmission Oil-46 is a service classification transmission oil. It is recommended for all commercial power shift transmissions, industrial torque converters, and automatic transmissions. The Witcol Gear Oil EP-90 is a multipurpose gear oil containing extreme pressure additives that meet API GL-4, MIL-L-2105, & EP type GL–4 levels IS: 1118: 1992.


While the winter roads pose challenges, Witmans Group remains a trusted partner, providing lubrication solutions that empower vehicles to navigate the cold with confidence.


About us

As a leading manufacturer of specialty lubricants, greases, industrial paints, and protective coatings, WITMANS INDUSTRIES PVT. LTD. combines deep technical knowledge, proven expertise, and extensive experience to solve its customers’ toughest production challenges.


Witmans Industries Pvt. Ltd.
205 & 206, Kalpataru Plaza,
Chincholi Bunder Road,
Malad (West), Mumbai- 400 064, India

+91 22 40798623/24/25

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